Send to

Choose Destination
Bioresour Technol. 2008 Mar;99(5):937-45. Epub 2007 Apr 24.

Production and recovery of an alkaline exo-polygalacturonase from Bacillus subtilis RCK under solid-state fermentation using statistical approach.

Author information

Lignocellulose Biotechnology Laboratory, Department of Microbiology, University of Delhi South Campus, Benito Juarez Marg, New Delhi 110021, India.


The empirical models developed through two independent RSM (RSM-I, 2(3); RSM-II, 2(5)) in terms of effective operational factors of inoculum age, inoculum volume, wheat bran-to-moisture ratio (RSM-I) and contact time, extraction temperature, agitation, fermented bran-to-solvent ratio and SDS (RSM-II) were found adequate to describe the optimization of exo-polygalacturonase from Bacillus subtilis RCK under solid-state fermentation (SSF) conditions. Through the analysis of RSM-I, wheat bran-to-moisture ratio and inoculum volume were found to be the most significant factors and an increment in both had a positive effect in enhancing enzyme yield, while in RSM-II all the factors significantly affected enzyme recovery except fermented bran-to-solvent ratio, which had the least impact within the ranges investigated in enhancing enzyme recovery. Based on contour plots and variance analysis, optimum operational conditions for maximum exo-polygalacturonase yield were achieved when 1.5% (v/w) of 24h old (OD(600 nm) approximately 2.7+/-0.2) B. subtilis RCK cells were inoculated on moistened wheat bran (1:7 solid substrate-to-moisture ratio) and enzyme was harvested by addition of solvent (1:6 fermented bran-to-solvent ratio) under shaking conditions (200 rpm) in presence of SDS (0.25% w/v) for 15 min at 35 degrees C. An over all 3.4 fold (1.7-fold RSM-I; 2.0 fold RSM-II) increase in enzyme production was attained because of optimization by RSM.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center