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J Hepatol. 2007 Oct;47(4):556-64. Epub 2007 Apr 9.

Hypoadiponectinemia accelerates hepatic tumor formation in a nonalcoholic steatohepatitis mouse model.

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1
Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Osaka University, Graduate School of Medicine, 2-2, K1, Yamada-oka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS:

Adipose tissue produces a number of adipocytokines, including adiponectin, leptin, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha. Obesity, which is associated with low plasma adiponectin levels, is an independent risk factor for various liver diseases including nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). The aim of this study was to examine the effects of adiponectin on the progression of NASH to cirrhosis and tumor formation using adiponectin-knockout (KO) mice.

METHODS:

Using a choline-deficient L-amino acid-defined (CDAA) diet-induced mouse NASH model, liver histology and oxidative stress markers were investigated in KO and wild-type (WT) mice.

RESULTS:

Hepatic steatosis was enhanced to a greater extent in KO mice, compared to WT mice after a 1-week CDAA diet. After 24 weeks, 6 out of 14 KO mice developed liver cirrhosis and hepatic tumors, whereas the 15 WT mice showed only simple steatosis. In KO mice, hepatic cytochrome P450 2E1 levels were upregulated, and markers of oxidative stress (thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine-positive cells) were significantly increased compared with WT mice.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our results indicate that lack of adiponectin enhances the progression of hepatic steatosis, fibrosis, and hepatic tumor formation in an animal model of NASH. Hypoadiponectinemia in obesity could be a risk factor for NASH-related hepatic tumor formation.

PMID:
17459514
DOI:
10.1016/j.jhep.2007.03.020
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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