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Stapp Car Crash J. 2001 Nov;45:33-60.

Development of a Reusable, Rate-Sensitive Abdomen for the Hybrid III Family of Dummies.

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Ford Motor Company.


The objective of this work was to develop a reusable, rate-sensitive dummy abdomen with abdominal injury assessment capability. The primary goal for the abdomen developed was to have good biofidelity in a variety of loading situations that might be encountered in an automotive collision. This paper presents a review of previous designs for crash dummy abdomens, a description of the development of the new abdomen, results of testing with the new abdomen and instrumentation, and suggestions for future work. The biomechanical response targets for the new abdomen were determined from tests of the mid abdomen done in a companion biomechanical study. The response of the abdominal insert is an aggregate response of the dummy's entire abdominal area and does not address differences in upper versus lower abdominal response, solid versus hollow organs, or organ position or mobility. While the abdomen developed has demonstrated good biofidelity in rigid bar, seat belt and airbag loading situations, some work remains to be done before it can be used in crash testing.


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