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Surg Endosc. 2007 May;21(5):737-41. Epub 2007 Feb 16.

Prosthetic mesh repair of large and recurrent diaphragmatic hernias.

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Endoscopic Surgery Service and the Department of Surgery B, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center and the Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, 6 Weizman Street, Tel Aviv, 64239, Israel.



Laparoscopic repair of large paraesophageal hernias (PEH) is associated with significant recurrence rates. Use of prosthetic mesh to complete tension-free repair of the hiatus has been suggested to decrease the recurrence rate.


Fifty-nine patients with large (n = 44) or recurrent (n = 15) PEH were operated on via the laparoscopic approach with the use of prosthetic mesh. Patients were followed with office visits and phone interviews. All patients were referred for barium studies. Data analysis included all patients, including conversions, on an intention-to-treat basis.


Followup was completed in 56 (95%) patients. Mean followup time was 28.4 months. Forty patients (74%) had significant relief of all symptoms. Barium studies were performed in 45 patients (80.3%), including all symptomatic patients. Fifteen patients (33%) had a small sliding hernia, six (13.3%) had recurrent PEH, and four (8.8%) had narrowing of the gastroesophageal junction. Most patients with small hiatal hernias were symptomatic (60%). All responded to medical treatment.


Laparoscopic repair of large PEH with reinforcement mesh is feasible and safe with excellent short-term results. Long-term followup shows a low PEH recurrence requiring reoperation, but a significant number of patients develop symptomatic recurrent small hiatal hernias that can be managed nonoperatively.

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