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Inhibition of PGE2 production in macrophages from vitamin E-treated rats.

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Department of Biochemistry, School of Dentistry, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan.


Rat peritoneal macrophages from vitamin E-treated rats (5 mg per rat for 6 successive days) contained 403.3 +/- 90.7 ng alpha-tocopherol/10(6) cells, whereas control macrophages contained 1.2 +/- 0.4 ng. PGE2 production in the macrophages from vitamin E-treated rats was significantly suppressed when stimulated with PMA and calcium ionophore A23187. The mechanism of vitamin E inhibition of PGE2 production in macrophages was investigated. The release of (14C)-arachidonic acid from pre-labeled macrophages and the conversion of (14C)-arachidonic acid to PGE2 by the homogenate of the cells were remarkably reduced. These results strongly suggested that the inhibition of PGE2 production by vitamin E results from the inhibition of the activities of both phospholipase A2 and cyclooxygenase.

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