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Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2007 Feb 6;87(6):383-7.

[Psychological status of congenital microtia patients and relative influential factors: analysis of 410 cases].

[Article in Chinese]

Author information

1
Department of Burn and Plastic Surgery, First Hospital Affiliated to People's Liberation Army General Hospital, Beijing 100037, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the psychologic status of congenital microtia patients and related influential factors.

METHODS:

In a cross-sectional survey for congenital microtia, 410 patients, 314 males and 96 females, aged 12 +/- 6 (5 - 37), underwent psychological survey with the symptom checklist-90 (SCL-90) or Achenbach child behavior checklist (CBCL), centering on the 3 main psychological problems: depression, interpersonal sensitivity or social difficulties, and hostility or aggression. A questionnaire was designed to investigate the influencing factors, such as the patients' own factors, and psychological factors of the patients' families Chi square test and logistic regression analysis were performed to find the factors contributing to those psychological problems.

RESULTS:

Psychological status of congenital microtia patients were depression existed in 83 patients (20.2%), interpersonal sensitivity or social difficulties existed in 150 patients (36.6%), and hostility or aggression existed in 108 patients (26.3%). The factors, such as age (OR = 1.75), microtia grade (OR = 2.77), mother's education (OR = 2.49), having been subjected to ridicule (OR = 2.58), pressure of family affection (OR = 1.96), family attitude to patient (OR = 2.45), and deficiency of family harmony (OR = 2.57) were risk factors contributing to depression of patients. The factors, such as age (OR = 1.62), having been subjected to ridicule (OR = 3.34), and pressure of family affection (OR = 1.89) were risk factors contributing to interpersonal sensitivity or social difficulties of the patient. The factors, such as having been subjected to ridicule (OR = 2.47), and pressure of family affection (OR = 1.80) were risk factors contributing to hostility or aggression of the patient.

CONCLUSION:

Having been subjected to ridicule, deficiency of family harmony, and pressure of family affection are mainly risk factors of psychological problems of congenital microtia patients. Early education and early operation for the patients are necessary.

PMID:
17456378
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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