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Vox Sang. 2007 May;92(4):338-50.

Second-generation nanofiltered plasma-derived mannan-binding lectin product: process and characteristics.

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1
Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark. inl@ssi.dk

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:

Mannan-binding lectin (MBL) is an important component of the innate immune defence; it binds to carbohydrate structures on pathogenic micro-organisms resulting in complement activation and opsonization. Individuals with low MBL levels are at risk of recurrent and severe infections. Substitution therapy with plasma-derived MBL is a promising treatment of diseases associated with MBL deficiency. A first-generation MBL product has been shown to be safe and well tolerated, and patients have benefited from MBL treatment. Following is a description of the development of a nanofiltered second-generation MBL product from Cohn fraction III, with the use of a new affinity matrix for MBL purification and the characteristics of this improved product.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Carbohydrate-based gels were comparatively screened as affinity matrices. MBL was extracted from fraction III, and affinity purified on a Superdex 200 pg column. The eluted material underwent two virus reduction steps: filtration through Planova 20N and solvent/detergent treatment. It was further purified by anion-exchange and gel-filtration chromatography. The affinity eluate and the final MBL fraction were characterized by protein chemical, immunological, and functional assays.

RESULTS:

In production scale, Superdex 200 pg was found to be superior to other carbohydrate-based matrices, and MBL was affinity purified from fraction III with a yield of 70%. The viral safety was increased by performing a nanofiltration of the affinity eluate through Planova 20N with a minimal loss of MBL. The purity of the final MBL fraction was 53% excluding the MBL-associated serine proteases (MASP). The product consisted of high-oligomeric MBL, with two dominating forms, and with MASP-1, -2, -3 and 19 kDa MBL-associated protein (MAp19). Only a few protein impurities were present, the major being alpha2-macroglobulin. MBL formed complexes with alpha2-macroglobulin bridged by MASP-1 covalently attached to the latter. The functional activity, assessed by mannan-binding activity and opsonic function, was intact, whereas half of the C4 activating capacity was lost during the production process.

CONCLUSION:

A second-generation MBL process was developed with an average yield of 50%. It was possible to nanofilter the MBL-MASP complexes through Planova 20N with only a minor loss resulting in an increased safety profile of this MBL product.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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