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Pathology. 1991 Apr;23(2):107-14.

Analgesic nephropathy in Fischer 344 rats: comparative effects of chronic treatment with either aspirin or paracetamol.

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  • 1Department of Histology and Embryology, University of Sydney.


This study has compared the relative nephrotoxicity of chronic treatment with aspirin or paracetamol in an animal model. Changes in renal structure and urinary concentrating ability were examined in female Fischer 344 rats after continuous treatment with either aspirin (120-230 mg/kg body wt/day), or paracetamol (140-210 mg/kg body wt/day), and were compared with age-matched untreated control rats. Renal morphological changes were examined after 40-83 weeks of analgesic treatment, using light and electron microscopy. Aspirin caused renal papillary necrosis and a decrease in urinary concentrating ability, whereas paracetamol alone did not cause significant renal damage. Aspirin produced damage to the interstitial cells and matrix, particularly in the mid-papillary region, followed by changes to the thin limbs of the loop of Henle and medullary capillary endothelium. These structural changes were similar to those described previously, when continuous treatment with combined aspirin and paracetamol was studied in the same animal model.

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