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Food Nutr Bull. 2006;27(4 Suppl Peru):S143-50.

Protective effect of multimicronutrient supplementation against anemia among children, women, and adolescent girls in lower-income areas of Chiclayo, Peru.

Author information

1
Instituto de Investigación Nutricional, Lima, Peru. dromana@iin.sld.pe

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The Integrated Food Security Program (Programa Integrado de Seguridad Alimentaria [PISA]) implemented a campaign to promote weekly multimicronutrient supplementation among women and adolescent girls of childbearing age and children under 5 years of age.

OBJECTIVES:

To assess the impact of the campaign on the growth of children and on anemia among children and among women and adolescent girls of childbearing age.

METHODS:

Weekly multimicronutrient supplementation was provided for 8 weeks. Weights, heights, and hemoglobin concentrations were assessed at the beginning and end of the campaign.

RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS:

Although supplementation did not significantly increase the hemoglobin concentrations of children (p = .80) or women and adolescent girls (p = .65) in the intervention group, the hemoglobin concentrations of the comparison groups were significantly lower after 8 weeks (p = .001 for children and p = .03 for women and adolescent girls). Furthermore, the percentage of anemic children in the comparison group increased significantly (p <.001), and the final value was significantly higher than that for the intervention group (p = .004). There were no significant effects of weekly multimicronutrient supplementation on the growth of children, but the study was too short to reliably determine any effects on growth.

PMID:
17455400
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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