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Acta Orthop. 2007 Feb;78(1):95-8.

Selective COX-2 inhibitor versus indomethacin for the prevention of heterotopic ossification after hip replacement: a double-blind randomized trial of 100 patients with 1-year follow-up.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopedics, Medical University of Vienna, Austria. Josef.grohs@meduniwien.ac.at

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Recent reports have suggested that selective COX-2 inhibition may be sufficient for the prevention of heterotopic ossification.

METHODS:

We performed a randomized controlled study to evaluate the effect of the selective COX-2 inhibitor rofecoxib compared to that of indomethacin on the incidence and extent of heterotopic ossification in patients who had undergone hip replacement surgery. 50 patients received a daily dose of 25 mg rofecoxib and 50 patients received a daily dose of 100 mg indomethacin (25, 25, and 50 mg).

RESULTS:

No ossifications were found in 48 patients. Grade-II ossifications were seen in 5/46 patients in the rofecoxib group and in 6/50 patients in the indomethacin group. Grade-III and grade-IV ossifications were seen in 3/46 patients in the rofecoxib group only. The differences were not statistically significant. The study medication had to be discontinued in 2 patients in the indomethacin group, due to dyspepsia.

INTERPRETATION:

After short-term administration, the selective COX-2 inhibitor rofecoxib was effective in preventing heterotopic ossification after total hip arthroplasty.

PMID:
17453399
DOI:
10.1080/17453670610013484
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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