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Cell Res. 2007 May;17(5):435-40.

A novel heterodimeric cytokine consisting of IL-17 and IL-17F regulates inflammatory responses.

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Department of Immunology, MD Anderson Cancer Center, 7455 Fannin, Unit 906, Houston, TX 77030, USA.


CD4+ helper T (TH) cells play crucial roles in immune responses. Recently a novel subset of TH cells, termed TH(IL-17), TH17 or inflammatory TH (THi), has been identified as critical mediators of tissue inflammation. These cells produce IL-17 (also called IL-17A) and IL-17F, two most homologous cytokines sharing similar regulations. Here we report that when overexpressed in 293T cells, IL-17 and IL-17F form not only homodimers but also heterodimers, which we name as IL-17A/F. Fully differentiated mouse THi cells also naturally secrete IL-17A/F as well as IL-17 and IL-17F homodimeric cytokines. Recombinant IL-17A/F protein exhibits intermediate levels of potency in inducing IL-6 and KC (CXCL1) as compared to homodimeric cytokines. IL-17A/F regulation of IL-6 and KC expression is dependent on IL-17RA and TRAF6. Thus, IL-17A/F cytokine represents another mechanism whereby T cells regulate inflammatory responses and may serve as a novel target for treating various immune-mediated diseases.

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