Send to

Choose Destination
Brain Res. 2007 Jun 4;1152:17-26. Epub 2007 Mar 19.

Changes in serotoninergic receptors 1A and 2A in the piglet brainstem after intermittent hypercapnic hypoxia (IHH) and nicotine.

Author information

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia.


We studied the effects of intermittent hypercapnic hypoxia (IHH) and/or nicotine on the immunoreactivity of serotoninergic (5-HT) receptors 1A and 2A in the piglet brainstem. These exposures were developed to mimic two common risk factors for Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS); prone sleeping (IHH) and cigarette smoke exposure (nicotine). Immunoreactivity for 5-HT(1A)R and 5-HT(2A)R were studied in four nuclei of the caudal medulla. Three exposure groups were compared to controls (n=14): IHH (n=10), nicotine (n=14), and nicotine+IHH (n=14). In control piglets, the immunoreactivity of 5-HT(1A)R was highest in the hypoglossal nucleus (XII), followed by inferior olivary nucleus (ION), nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS) and dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus (DMNV), whereas for 5-HT(2A)R, the immunoreactivity was highest in DMNV/NTS and then ION. Compared to controls, IHH reduced 5-HT(1A)R immunoreactivity in all studied nuclei (p<0.05) but had no effect on 5-HT(2A)R immunoreactivity. Nicotine reduced 5-HT(1A)R immunoreactivity in the DMNV, ION and NTS (p<0.001), and reduced 5-HT(2A)R immunoreactivity in DMNV/NTS (p<0.05). Nicotine+IHH reduced 5-HT(1A)R in DMNV, ION and NTS (p<0.001) but had no effect on 5-HT(2A)R immunoreactivity. Effects of nicotine on the DMNV were more significant in males compared to the females. These results show for the first time that IHH and/or nicotine can reduce 5-HT receptor immunoreactivity within functionally important nuclei of the piglet medulla. The findings support our hypothesis that 5-HT receptor abnormalities may be caused by postnatal exposures to clinically-relevant stimuli such as cigarette smoke exposure and/or prone sleeping.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center