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J Med Chem. 2007 May 17;50(10):2341-51. Epub 2007 Apr 21.

Selective urokinase-type plasminogen activator inhibitors. 4. 1-(7-sulfonamidoisoquinolinyl)guanidines.

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Department of Discovery Chemistry, Pfizer Global Research and Development, Sandwich, Kent, CT13 9NJ, UK.


1-isoquinolinylguanidines were previously disclosed as potent and selective inhibitors of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA). Further investigation of this template has revealed that incorporation of a 7-sulfonamide group furnishes a new series of potent and highly selective uPA inhibitors. Potency and selectivity can be achieved with sulfonamides derived from a variety of amines and is further enhanced by the incorporation of sulfonamides derived from amino acids. The binding mode of these 1-isoquinolinylguanidines has been investigated by X-ray cocrystallization studies. uPA inhibitor 26 was selected for further evaluation based on its excellent enzyme potency (Ki 10 nM) and selectivity profile (4000-fold versus tPA and 2700-fold versus plasmin). In vitro, compound 26 is able to inhibit exogenous uPA in human chronic wound fluid (IC50=0.89 microM). In vivo, in a porcine acute excisional wound model, following topical delivery, compound 26 is able to penetrate into pig wounds and inhibit exogenous uPA activity with no adverse effect on wound healing parameters. On the basis of this profile, compound 26 (UK-371,804) was selected as a candidate for further preclinical evaluation for the treatment of chronic dermal ulcers.

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