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J Biol Chem. 2007 Jun 22;282(25):18481-96. Epub 2007 Apr 19.

Necl-5/poliovirus receptor interacts in cis with integrin alphaVbeta3 and regulates its clustering and focal complex formation.

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  • 1Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine/Faculty of Medicine, Suita 565-0871, Osaka, Japan.


Integrin alphavbeta3, which forms focal complexes at leading edges in moving cells, is up-regulated in cancer cells and so is implicated in their invasiveness. Necl-5, originally identified as a poliovirus receptor and also up-regulated in cancer cells, colocalizes with integrin alphavbeta3 at leading edges in moving cells and enhances growth factor-induced cell movement. Here, we show that Necl-5 interacts directly, in cis, with integrin alphavbeta3, and enhances integrin alphavbeta3 clustering and focal complex formation at leading edges in NIH3T3 cells. The extracellular region of Necl-5, but not the cytoplasmic region, is necessary for its interaction with integrin alphavbeta3; however, both regions are necessary for its action. An interaction between integrin alphavbeta3 and vitronectin and PDGF-induced activation of Rac are also necessary for integrin alphavbeta3 clustering. The interaction between Necl-5 and integrin alphavbeta3 enhances PDGF-induced Rac activation, facilitating integrin alphavbeta3 clustering presumably in a feedback amplification manner. Thus, Necl-5 has a critical role in integrin alphavbeta3 clustering and focal complex formation.

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