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Eur J Cancer. 2007 May;43(8):1283-9. Epub 2007 Apr 18.

Helicobacter pylori infection, interleukin-1 gene polymorphisms and the risk of colorectal cancer: evidence from a case-control study in Germany.

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Division of Clinical Epidemiology and Aging Research, German Cancer Research Centre, Bergheimer Str. 20, D-69115 Heidelberg, Germany.


Helicobacter pylori infection is a strong risk factor for gastric cancer. A positive association with colorectal cancer has also been suggested, but available evidence remains inconclusive. In this population-based case-control study we investigated the association between H. pylori seroprevalence and colorectal adenocarcinoma under consideration of pro-inflammatory gene polymorphisms (384 incident cancer patients, 467 matched control subjects). Overall, the H. pylori seroprevalence was higher among cases (51%) than among controls (44%), and a positive association between H. pylori seroprevalence and colorectal adenocarcinoma risk was found, that persisted after adjustment for known potential confounders, including measures of socioeconomic status (odds ratio (OR)=1.41; 95% confidence intervals (CI), 1.06-1.87). Presence of specific H. pylori cytotoxin-associated gene A (CagA) antibodies did not significantly affect the observed risk. Additionally, a pro-inflammatory genotype did not increase the colorectal cancer risk associated with H. pylori infection. H. pylori positive subjects carrying the pro-inflammatory genotypes even had a lower risk.

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