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J Natl Med Assoc. 2007 Apr;99(4):377-83.

Facilitating quality improvement in physician management of comorbid chronic disease in an urban minority practice.

Author information

1
Family Medicine Research Institute, Department of Family Medicine, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, SUNY Clinical Center, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14215, USA. lskahn@buffalo.edu

Abstract

CONTEXT:

Increasing numbers of patients with multiple chronic conditions present in the primary care setting and pose a challenge to physicians who must cope with competing demands while adhering to clinical practice guidelines.

PURPOSE:

We tested a chart audit tool to assess how physicians are managing patients with multiple comorbidities in an inner-city family medicine practice serving minority patients.

METHODS:

We developed an evidence-based comorbidity chart audit tool that captures the number of diagnosed, coexisting general medical conditions and adherence to key clinical practice guidelines for each condition. A randomized chart audit was undertaken, with one in every five charts selected, yielding a total of 314 patient charts.

FINDINGS:

The majority of patients (59%) had > or = 2 comorbid chronic conditions, and 32% had > or = 3 comorbid chronic conditions. The highest overall adherence to guidelines was for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (90%) and asthma (80%), followed by congestive heart failure (75%) and coronary artery disease (58%). For all other conditions, overall adherence to guidelines was < or = 50%.

CONCLUSIONS:

The chart review tool identified inconsistencies in adherence to guidelines across multiple diagnosed conditions, suggesting the importance of adopting a patient-centered approach to management as well as prevention.

PMID:
17444426
PMCID:
PMC2569643
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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