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J Cell Physiol. 2007 Jul;212(1):1-12.

Present concepts and future outlook: function of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) for pathogenesis, progression, and therapy of cancer.

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Department of Dermatology, The Saarland University Hospital, Homburg/Saar, Germany.


Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are members of the nuclear receptor superfamily of transcriptional regulators that regulate lipid, glucose, and amino acid metabolism. In recent studies it also has been shown that these receptors are implicated in tumor progression, cellular differentiation, and apoptosis and modulation of their function is therefore considered as a potential target for cancer prevention and treatment. PPAR ligands and other agents influencing PPAR signalling pathways have been shown to reveal chemopreventive potential by mediating tumor suppressive activities in a variety of human cancers and could represent a potential novel strategy to inhibit tumor carcinogenesis and progression. This review summarizes the currently available data on the roles of PPARs in relation to the processes of cell differentiation and carcinogenesis as well as their role as promising future therapeutic targets.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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