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J Pediatr Psychol. 2007 Aug;32(7):745-59. Epub 2007 Apr 18.

Risky driving in adolescents and young adults with childhood ADHD.

Author information

1
University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine risky driving behaviors and negative driving outcomes in a large sample of adolescents and adults diagnosed in childhood with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) compared with demographically similar controls without ADHD.

METHODS:

355 adolescents and young adults of the Pittsburgh ADHD Longitudinal Study (PALS) (n = 203 probands; n = 152 controls) were administered the Young Adult Driving Questionnaire. Parent and self-report of current ADHD symptoms and conduct problems were tested as potential mediators of the association between childhood ADHD and negative driving outcomes.

RESULTS:

ADHD group differences, of small to medium effect size, were found for number of tickets and accidents, and hyperactivity-impulsivity at follow-up emerged as a significant mediator of this association. Current conduct problems were associated with both risky and alcohol-impaired driving.

CONCLUSIONS:

Childhood ADHD elevates risk for driving-related problems, especially when symptoms persist. Co-occurring conduct problems capture some of this risk.

PMID:
17442694
DOI:
10.1093/jpepsy/jsm002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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