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Toxicol Lett. 2007 May 15;170(3):229-37. Epub 2007 Mar 24.

Toxicity of diazinon and its metabolites increases in diabetic rats.

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Department of Medicinal Informatics, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, Japan.


The effect of diazinon (DZN) on the activities of cholinesterase (ChE) in plasma and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in erythrocyte and brain was investigated in normal and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Hepatic drug-metabolizing enzyme activity was also estimated by measuring the systemic clearance of antipyrine, and the expression of hepatic cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A2 and CYP1A2, which is closely related to the metabolism from DZN to DZN-oxon, a strong inhibitor of both ChE and AChE. No significant differences in the activities of ChE in plasma and AChE in erythrocyte were observed between normal and diabetic rats. Treatment with DZN significantly decreased these activities in diabetic rats more than in normal rats 6h after injection (6.5 mg/kg). Treatment with DZN significantly decreased the activity of AChE in brain of diabetic rats than normal rats 3h after injection (65 mg/kg), although no significant difference in the activity was found between normal and diabetic rats. The urinary recovery of diethylphosphate (DEP), a metabolite of DZN-oxon, was significantly increased in diabetic rats, but that of diethylthiophosphate (DETP), a metabolite of DZN, was unchanged. Significant increases in the systemic clearance of antipyrine and protein levels of hepatic CYP1A2, not CYP3A2, were observed in diabetic rats. These results suggest the possibility that a metabolite of DZN, DZN-oxon, causes higher toxicity in diabetic rats due to the enhancement of hepatic CYP1A2-mediated metabolism of DZN.

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