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Neuropathol Appl Neurobiol. 2007 Aug;33(4):431-9. Epub 2007 Apr 17.

Relevance of combinatorial profiles of intermediate filaments and transcription factors for glioma histogenesis.

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1
Laboratoire de Biopathologie de l'Adhésion et de la Signalisation, EA3281, IPHM, Faculté de Médecine Timone, Marseilles, France.

Abstract

In order to define specific markers for histogenesis of three well-characterized subgroups of human gliomas (pilocytic astrocytomas, glioblastoma multiforme and oligodendrogliomas), we studied the expression of relevant markers that characterize gliomagenesis, by immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization. They include the intermediate filament proteins glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), vimentin and nestin, the transcription factors Olig2, Nkx2.2 and Sox10, and the proteolipid protein transcripts plp/dm20. We show that the three major categories of human gliomas express a combinatorial profile of markers that gives new insights to their histogenesis and may help diagnosis. Pilocytic astrocytomas strongly express GFAP, vimentin, Olig2, Nkx2.2 and Sox10 but not nestin. In contrast, glioblastomas strongly express GFAP, vimentin and nestin but these tumours are heterogeneous regarding the expression of the transcription factors studied. Finally, in oligodendrogliomas, intermediate filament proteins are generally not observed whereas Olig2 was found in almost all tumour cells nuclei while only a subpopulation of tumour cells expressed Nkx2.2 and Sox10.

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