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Behav Sleep Med. 2007;5(2):131-46.

A self-management approach to improving continuous positive airway pressure adherence and outcomes.

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Health Services Research & Development Unit, Veterans Affairs San Diego Healthcare System and Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, USA.


Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a condition with serious medical and psychosocial consequences. Low patient adherence to nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) limits the effectiveness of treatment. Intervention studies based on intensive support protocols have shown modest improvement in CPAP adherence; however, this approach would require significant resources and effort for integration into the existing U.S. health care system. The purpose of this article is to describe the self-management approach to chronic illness, justify the self-management approach as applied to sleep apnea patients prescribed CPAP, and to report initial pilot data on feasibility and efficacy of the Sleep Apnea Self-Management Program. CPAP adherence measured at the end of the 4-session program averaged 5.5 +/- 2.3 hr per night. The Sleep Apnea Self-Management Program (SASMP) has the potential to be an effective and practical way to improve CPAP adherence and is designed for integration into current OSA clinical processes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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