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Hum Immunol. 1991 Oct;32(2):125-33.

Immunochemical analysis of a recombinant, genetically engineered, secreted HLA-A2/Q10b fusion protein.

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Department of Surgery, University of Wisconsin, Madison.


We engineered a fusion gene which encodes the alpha 1 and alpha 2 domains of HLA-A2 with the alpha 3 and truncated transmembrane domains of the murine class I-like protein Q10b, and transferred it into mouse L cells along with the gene for human beta 2-microglobulin (beta 2m). The secreted rA2/Q10b gene product consisted of a single heavy chain of molecular weight 42 kd that was noncovalently associated with the human beta 2m light chain. Native detergent-solubilized HLA-A2 and secreted rA2/Q10b proteins were found to be similar by: (a) the binding to mouse monoclonal anti-HLA antibodies in an ELISA; (b) the blocking of lysis of HLA-A2+ cells by human anti-HLA-A2,-B17, anti-HLA-A2,9,28, and anti-HLA-A2,28 cross-reactive group (CREG) antisera in a complement-dependent cytotoxicity assay; and (c) the ability when coupled to Sepharose to selectively purify HLA-A2,9,28 and HLA-A2,28 CREG-specific antibodies. Mouse L cells expressing rA2/Q10b produced as much as 2.5 micrograms protein per 10(6) cells/day, or 50- to 100-fold more antigen on a per cell basis than the level of HLA-A2 expressed by B-lymphoblastoid cell line or spleen cells. Thus rA2/Q10b represents a viable alternative to detergent-solubilized HLA-A2 for purification of anti-HLA-A2 antibodies and analysis of anti-HLA-A2 immune responses.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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