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Am J Occup Ther. 2007 Mar-Apr;61(2):161-9.

Lessons learned: a pilot study on occupational therapy effectiveness for children with sensory modulation disorder.

Author information

1
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Colorado, Denver, USA. miller@KIDfoundation.org

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The purpose of this pilot study was to prepare for a randomized controlled study of the effectiveness of occupational therapy using a sensory integration approach (OT-SI) with children who have sensory processing disorders (SPD).

METHOD:

A one-group pretest, posttest design with 30 children was completed with a subset of children with SPD, those with sensory modulation disorder.

RESULTS:

Lessons learned relate to (a) identifying a homogeneous sample with quantifiable inclusion criteria, (b) developing an intervention manual for study replication and a fidelity to treatment measure, (c) determining which outcomes are sensitive to change and relate to parents' priorities, and (d) clarifying rigorous methodologies (e.g., blinded examiners, randomization, power).

CONCLUSION:

A comprehensive program of research is needed, including multiple pilot studies to develop enough knowledge that high-quality effectiveness research in occupational therapy can be completed. Previous effectiveness studies in OT-SI have been single projects not based on a unified long-term program of research.

PMID:
17436838
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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