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J BUON. 2007 Jan-Mar;12(1):99-104.

Relationship of serum levels of tumor markers with tissue expression of gene products in ovarian carcinoma.

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1
Clinic for Gynecology and Obstetrics, Clinical Centre, Kragujevac, Serbia. soraks@ptt.yu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The aim of this prospective study was to determine serum levels and tissue expression of CA125, CA 15-3, p53, HER-2 and nm23 tumor markers, which are used in the detection and follow up of patients with ovarian carcinoma.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

19 patients with malignant and benign ovarian tumors were included in this study. Serum levels of CA125, CA 15-3 and p53 tumor markers were detected in preoperative and postoperative blood samples using ELISA technique. Tissue expression of p53, HER-2 and nm23 were examined using immunohistochemistry.

RESULTS:

All serum tumor markers were elevated in patients with ovarian carcinoma. Serum level of CA 15-3 was increased in patients with ovarian carcinoma (median 48.33 U/ml, normal range 0-36), while it was normal in patients with benign ovarian tumors (median 20.67 U/ml; p >0.05). CA125 serum values were strikingly increased in ovarian carcinoma (median 264.16 IU/ml, normal range 0-35) and benign ovarian tumors (median 119.59 IU/ml; p <0.05). Serum levels of p53 in patients with ovarian carcinoma were increased (median 0.69 U/ml, normal range 0-0.50) compared to patients with benign tumors (0.32 U/ml; p <0.05). Histological HER-2 overexpression was detected in 7 cases, including 4 with strong (score 3+ and 2+) and 3 with weak or no HER-2 expression (score 1+ and 0) in ovarian carcinoma tissue; in benign tumors HER-2 overexpression was detected in 1 case (p >0.05). Strong overexpression of p53 was detected in 3 cases with malignant and none with benign tumors (p >0.05); and strong overexpression of nm23 was detected in 5 cases with malignant and 2 with benign tumors (p >0.05).

CONCLUSION:

Serum levels of CA125, CA 15-3 and p53 are strikingly increased, as well as the expression of HER-2 and p53 in carcinomatous tissue. Detection and analysis of multiple tumor-specific markers in serum and tissue can give useful clinical information for the management of ovarian carcinoma and can also improve the sensitivity and specificity of these markers.

PMID:
17436409
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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