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Nat Genet. 2007 May;39(5):661-5. Epub 2007 Apr 15.

Homozygous mutation of AURKC yields large-headed polyploid spermatozoa and causes male infertility.

Author information

1
Centre Hospitalier Universitaire (CHU) de Grenoble, Département de Génétique et Procréation, Unite Fonctionelle (UF) de biochimie génétique et moléculaire, F-38700 La Tronche, France.

Abstract

The World Health Organization conservatively estimates that 80 million people suffer from infertility worldwide. Male factors are believed to be responsible for 20-50% of all infertility cases, but microdeletions of the Y chromosome are the only genetic defects altering human spermatogenesis that have been reported repeatedly. We focused our work on infertile men with a normal somatic karyotype but typical spermatozoa mainly characterized by large heads, a variable number of tails and an increased chromosomal content (OMIM 243060). We performed a genome-wide microsatellite scan on ten infertile men presenting this characteristic phenotype. In all of these men, we identified a common region of homozygosity harboring the aurora kinase C gene (AURKC) with a single nucleotide deletion in the AURKC coding sequence. In addition, we show that this founder mutation results in premature termination of translation, yielding a truncated protein that lacks the kinase domain. We conclude that the absence of AURKC causes male infertility owing to the production of large-headed multiflagellar polyploid spermatozoa.

PMID:
17435757
DOI:
10.1038/ng2027
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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