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Eur J Radiol. 2007 Jun;62(3):328-34. Epub 2007 Apr 11.

Ultrasonography, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging for diagnosis of ovarian carcinoma.

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Department of Radiology, First Hospital of Tsinghua University, Beijing 100016, China.


Our objective was to compare US, CT, and MR imaging in differentiation of malignant from benign ovarian tumors. Through an electronic literature search and manual review of bibliographies (January 1990 to June 2006), relevant studies on the diagnostic performance of US, CT, and MR imaging in the differentiation between benign and malignant ovarian tumours were identified. Sixty-nine articles were included, yielding 143 studies. Data on the accuracy of the different imaging modalities were analyzed and compared by constructing summary receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curves. Our results suggest that US techniques seems to be similar with CT and MRI in differentiation of malignant from benign ovarian tumors. The results also revealed that color Doppler flow imaging alone is significantly inferior to combined US techniques, morphologic assessment alone and contrast enhanced US in diagnosis of ovarian cancer. In conclusion, US morphologic assessment still is the most important and common modality in detect ovarian cancer.

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