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Mod Pathol. 2007 Jun;20(6):632-7. Epub 2007 Apr 13.

Rare expression of BSAP (PAX-5) in mature T-cell lymphomas.

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Institute of Pathology and Bone Tumor Reference Center, University Hospital Basel, Basel, Switzerland.


Lineage determination in lymphomas is based on the assessment of lineage-specific markers, such as the B-cell-specific activator protein of the paired box family (BSAP, PAX-5) for the B-cell lineage. BSAP is thought to be expressed exclusively in B cells from the pro-B- to the mature B-cell stage and then silenced in plasma cells. BSAP has oncogenic potential and experimental evidence shows that the T-cell lineage is prone to this effect. Herein, we report on a BSAP-positive peripheral T-cell lymphoma with monoclonal T-cell receptor gamma-gene rearrangement. To assess the relative frequency of BSAP expression in mature T-cell lymphomas, we constructed and examined a tissue microarray consisting of 43 angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphomas and peripheral T-cell lymphomas and detected no additional BSAP-positive cases. To conclude, BSAP can probably contribute to T-cell lymphomagenesis not only in vitro, but also in vivo. It is rarely expressed in peripheral T-cell lymphoma, thus its detection on lymphoid malignancies cannot be considered definitively lineage specific.

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