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Early Hum Dev. 1991 Aug-Sep;26(2):101-11.

Effect of otitis media on development: a community-based study.

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Department of Social Medicine, Hebrew University-Hadassah School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Jerusalem, Israel.


Otitis media history until age 3 years were recorded for 233 children as part of the surveillance in a Community Program for Promotion of Growth and Development (PROD) conducted in a western neighborhood of Jerusalem. Recurrent otitis media (6 or more episodes) occurred more frequently among children who were of North African or Asian origin, of lower social class and maternal education, and whose duration of breast feeding was less than 26 weeks. Children with recurrent otitis media also failed the 7-month hearing test more frequently than other children. The mean Developmental Quotient score at 2 years and the mean Stanford Binet score at 3 years were statistically significantly lower among children with recurrent otitis media, even after controlling for maternal origin and length of breast feeding. These findings underscore the importance of early identification and early intervention for otitis media.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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