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Viral Immunol. 2007 Spring;20(1):88-104.

Restricted and selective tropism of a Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus-derived replicon vector for human dendritic cells.

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Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, School of Medicine, School of Biological Sciences, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, California 92697, USA.


Dendritic cells (DCs) consist of heterogeneous phenotypic populations and have diverse immunostimulatory functions dependent on both lineage and functional phenotype, but as exceptionally potent antigen-presenting cells, they are targets for generating effective antigen-specific immune responses. A promising replicon particle vector derived from Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (VEE) has been reported to transduce murine footpad DCs. However, the receptive DC subset, the degree of restriction for this tropism, and the extent of conservation between rodents and humans have not been well characterized. Using fresh peripheral blood DCs, mononuclear cells, monocyte-derived macrophages, and monocyte-derived DCs, our results demonstrate conservation of VEE replicon particle (VRP) tropism for DCs between humans and rodents. We observed that a subset of immature myeloid DCs is the target population, and that VRP-transduced immature DCs retain intact functional capacity, for example, the ability to resist the cytopathic effects of VRP transduction and the capacity to acquire the mature phenotype. These studies support the demonstration of selective VRP tropism for human DCs and provide further insight into the biology of the VRP vector, its parent virus, and human DCs.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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