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Blood. 1991 Dec 15;78(12):3298-305.

Identification of four novel delta-globin gene mutations in Greek Cypriots using polymerase chain reaction and automated fluorescence-based DNA sequence analysis.

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Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Department of Pediatrics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine.


The molecular basis of most beta-thalassemia syndromes has been defined, while the spectrum of mutations causing delta-thalassemia is not well characterized. In an attempt to identify such mutations, the region encompassing the delta-globin gene from three Greek Cypriot families suspected of having delta-thalassemia was amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and DNA sequence determined using an automated fluorescence-based sequencer. Four novel mutations were identified: a G----T change at codon 27 that results in an alanine to serine change; a C----T change at codon 116 converting arginine to cysteine; a T----C change at codon 141 converting leucine to proline; and an AG----GG change at the consensus 3'-acceptor site in IVS-2. While the latter is clearly a thalassemic mutation, the low hemoglobin A2 in the first three may be due to either decreased production or instability of the altered delta-globin chain. All four mutations may be detected by PCR amplification of genomic DNA followed by restriction enzyme digestion. Two mutations abolish restriction sites while two create new cleavage sites. Screening for molecular defects that cause delta-thalassemia or unstable delta-globin by PCR amplification and restriction enzyme digestion will lead to correct diagnosis of beta/delta-thalassemia compound heterozygotes and improved genetic counseling.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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