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Biochemistry. 1991 Dec 3;30(48):11430-7.

Mouse pulmonary cytochrome P-450 naphthalene hydroxylase: cDNA cloning, sequence, and expression in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

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Laboratory of Chemical Pharmacology, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892.


We have isolated a cDNA clone, Nah-2, encoding the cytochrome P-450Nah (naphthalene hydroxylase) from a mouse lung lambda ZAP cDNA library using anti-cytochrome P-450Nah IgG as a probe. This same antibody selectively blocked [Nagata, K., Martin, B.M., Gillette, J.R., & Sasame, H.A. (1990) Drug Metab. Dispos. 18, 557-564] the cytochrome P-450 in mouse lung microsomes that catalyzed the conversion of naphthalene to (1R,2S)-naphthalene 1,2-oxide, which has been postulated as a causative agent in the naphthalene-induced tissue-specific necrosis of Clara cells in mouse lung. The toxic effect is seen in mouse and not in rat. The cDNA encodes a polypeptide of 491 amino acids with a molecular mass of 50 kDa. Northern blot analysis with an Nah-2-specific probe revealed that the mRNA is expressed in a species- and tissue-specific manner, present only in mouse lung and liver and not in that of rat. The mRNA encoding Nah-2 is constitutively expressed and is not induced by either phenobarbital, pyrazole, pregnenolone 16 alpha-carbonitrile, or 3-methylcholanthrene. Comparative amino acid sequence analyses with other documented members of the P-450 gene superfamily revealed that this encoded protein is in the IIF subfamily. To analyze its substrate specificity, the cDNA was inserted into the vector, pAAH5, and expressed in the Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain, AH22. The presence of cytochrome P-450Nah in the microsomes isolated from transformed cells and analyzed by Western blot was confirmed by immunocomplexing product with anti-cytochrome P450Nah IgG. Furthermore, activity toward naphthalene in the microsomes from the transformed cells established that this clone encodes a naphthalene hydroxylase.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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