Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Am J Hum Biol. 2007 May-Jun;19(3):345-57.

Secular trends in anthropometric characteristics, physical fitness, physical activity, and biological maturation in Flemish adolescents between 1969 and 2005.

Author information

1
Department of Biomedical Kinesiology, Faculty of Kinesiology and Rehabilitation Sciences, K.U. Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

Abstract

In this study, secular trends in anthropometric characteristics, physical fitness, physical activity, and biological maturity over the past 25-35 years in Flemish adolescents were investigated. Representative cross-sectional samples of 12-18-year-old secondary school children (11,899 assessments in boys in 1969-1974, 4,899 girls in 1979-1980, 1,429 boys and 1,772 girls in 2005) and parent-offspring pairs tested at approximately the same age during adolescence (55 father-son pairs, mean age fathers = 15.47 years, mean age sons = 15.38 years; 62 mother-daughter pairs, mean age mothers = 16.63 years, mean age daughters = 15.01 years) were used. The cross-sectional data were analyzed in 6 yearly age-categories using Wilcoxon rank sum tests. For the parent-offspring data paired t-tests, simple linear regressions to adjust for parent-offspring differences in chronological age and multiple linear regressions to adjust for parent-offspring differences in chronological and skeletal age were conducted. The cross-sectional study generally revealed an increase in weight, stature, BMI, skinfolds and trunk-extremity index, and a decrease in the performance on several physical fitness tests. In the parent-offspring study, only sons were maturationally advanced compared to fathers. Even after adjustment for parent-offspring differences in chronological age and in chronological and skeletal age, results for stature, trunk-extremity index and physical fitness were generally similar to the cross-sectional study. No secular trend was observed for sports participation. The fact that the positive secular trends in weight, BMI, and skinfolds of the cross-sectional study were not entirely confirmed in the parent-offspring study is probably due to higher similarity in genetic and familial background, higher socio-economic status, and more health-consciousness of the latter.

PMID:
17421010
DOI:
10.1002/ajhb.20592
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center