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Neuron. 1991 Nov;7(5):857-66.

Neurotrophin-5: a novel neurotrophic factor that activates trk and trkB.

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Department of Molecular Biology, Genentech, Inc., South San Francisco, California 94080.


In vertebrates, the formation and maintenance of neuronal connections are subject to regulation by multiple target-derived, diffusible (neurotrophic) factors. Here we describe the identification and characterization of a novel neurotrophic factor designated neurotrophin-5 (NT-5). NT-5 is structurally related to nerve growth factor and is expressed in embryonic as well as adult tissues. Recombinant NT-5 promotes the survival of peripheral sensory and sympathetic neurons and induces differentiation of the pheochromocytoma cell line PC12. NT-5 activates two trk-related tyrosine kinase receptors and shares these receptors with other neurotrophins. Activation of multiple receptors may permit a single neurotrophin to control target innervation by distinct neuronal populations. Receptor sharing could enable neurotrophic factors emanating from distinct targets to cooperate in regulating neurons with multiple connections.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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