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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2007 May 25;357(1):81-6. Epub 2007 Mar 28.

Axin-independent phosphorylation of APC controls beta-catenin signaling via cytoplasmic retention of beta-catenin.

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  • 1The University of Seoul, 90 Jeonnong-dong, Dongdaemun-gu, Seoul 130-743, Republic of Korea.


It has been shown that accumulation of free beta-catenin leads to mobility shift of adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) protein and that Axin facilitates this process. Here we show that the beta-catenin-mediated mobility shift of APC is due to phosphorylation of two domains of APC by casein kinase 1epsilon/glycogen synthase kinase 3beta and unknown kinase(s), respectively. Interestingly, our results suggest that this process does not require Axin. The phosphorylated APC showed higher affinity to beta-catenin in vivo, and fragments of APC containing the phosphorylated domains can inhibit beta-catenin/Tcf-mediated reporter activity regardless of their ability to reduce the level of beta-catenin. From our data we propose a new role of APC: accumulation of excessive cytoplasmic beta-catenin induces phosphorylation of APC and the phosphorylated APC retains beta-catenin in cytoplasm to prevent excessive beta-catenin signaling. The retained beta-catenin in cytoplasm by APC may be down-regulated by Axin 2, which is induced by beta-catenin/Tcf signaling.

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