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DNA Cell Biol. 2007 Mar;26(3):186-91.

Contrasting impact of DNA repair gene XRCC1 polymorphisms Arg399Gln and Arg194Trp on the risk of lung cancer in the north-Indian population.

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Department of Biotechnology, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India.


DNA repair forms the most effective defense system against DNA damage. The XRCC1 gene product is implicated in single-strand and base-excision repair mechanisms. Our main aim was to investigate the relationship between the XRCC1 gene with lung cancer on the north-Indian population. Blood samples from 225 North-Indian subjects including 103 newly diagnosed cases and 122 population-based healthy persons were collected. XRCC1 genotypes were detected using a PCR-RFLP technique. The data were analyzed by logistic regression analysis. XRCC1 polymorphisms at codon 399 were found to be protective in the development of lung cancer (OR--0.6, 95% CI--0.46-0.80, p-0.0008). The codon 194 Trp/Trp genotype was associated with a slightly increased risk of lung cancer. When assessed in nonsmokers, only the Arg/Trp genotype of XRCC1 codon 194 was positively associated with lung cancer (OR--2.3, 95% CI--0.77-7.20). Smoking also seemed to significantly interact with the combined genotypes of XRCC1 codon 399 Arg/Gln/Gln/Gln. In conclusion, the results have suggested that the XRCC1 gene might be the risk genotype for lung cancer in this population.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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