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Int J Artif Organs. 2007 Mar;30(3):204-11.

Nanofibrous poly(epsilon-caprolactone)/poly(vinyl alcohol)/chitosan hybrid scaffolds for bone tissue engineering using mesenchymal stem cells.

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Stem Cell Technology Co., Tehran, Iran.


In the present study, based on a biomimetic approach, novel 3D nanofibrous hybrid scaffolds consisting of poly(epsilon-caprolactone), poly(vinyl alcohol), and chitosan were developed via a multi-jet electrospinning method. The influence of chemical, physical, and structural properties of the scaffolds on the differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells into osteoblasts, and the proliferation of the differentiated cells were investigated. Osteogenically induced cultures revealed that cells were well-attached, penetrated into the construct and were uniformly distributed. The expression of early and late phenotypic markers of osteoblastic differentiation was upregulated in the constructs cultured in osteogenic medium.

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