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J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2007 Jul;322(1):254-64. Epub 2007 Apr 6.

A novel family of potent negative allosteric modulators of group II metabotropic glutamate receptors.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology and Vanderbilt Institute of Chemical Biology, Program in Drug Discovery, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232, USA.


Group II metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs), mGluR2 and mGluR3, play a number of important roles in mammalian brain and represent exciting new targets for certain central nervous system disorders. We now report synthesis and characterization of a novel family of derivatives of dihydrobenzo[1,4]diazepin-2-one that are selective negative allosteric modulators for group II mGluRs. These compounds inhibit both mGluR2 and mGluR3 but have no activity at group I and III mGluRs. The novel mGluR2/3 antagonists also potently block mGluR2/3-mediated inhibition of the field excitatory postsynaptic potentials at the perforant path synapse in hippocampal slices. These compounds induce a rightward shift and decrease the maximal response in the glutamate concentration-response relationship, consistent with a noncompetitive antagonist mechanism of action. Furthermore, radioligand binding studies revealed no effect on binding of the orthosteric antagonist [(3)H]LY341495 [2S-2-amino-2-(1S,2S-2-carboxycyclopropan-1-yl)-3-(xanth-9-yl)propionic acid]. Site-directed mutagenesis revealed that a single point mutation in transmembrane V (N735D), previously shown to be an important residue for potentiation activity of the mGluR2 allosteric potentiator LY487379 [N-(4-(2-methoxyphenoxy)phenyl)-N-(2,2,2-trifluoroethylsulfonyl)pyrid-3-ylmethylamine], is not critical for the inhibitory activity of negative allosteric modulators of group II mGluRs. However, this single mutation in human GluR2 almost completely blocked the enhancing activity of biphenyl-indanone A, a novel allosteric potentiator of mGluR2. Our data suggest that these two positive allosteric modulators of mGluR2 may share a common binding site and that this site may be distinct from the binding site for the new negative allosteric modulators of group II mGluRs.

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