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Cancer Immunol Immunother. 2007 Nov;56(11):1701-10. Epub 2007 Apr 6.

T cells are crucial for the anti-metastatic effect of anti-epidermal growth factor receptor antibodies.

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Vaccine Department, Center of Molecular Immunology, Atabey, Siboney, Playa, Havana, Cuba.


Experimental evidences supporting the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) as an important molecule for tumor metastasis had been accumulated. Currently, anti-EGFR monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) constitute a promising approach for the treatment of patients with metastatic tumors. However, the mechanisms associated with the potent anti-metastatic effect of these mAbs have not been completely elucidated due to the lack of appropriate syngeneic preclinical models. In this paper, we have investigated the effects of 7A7, an antibody specific to murine EGFR, on the metastatic properties of D122 murine lung carcinoma. 7A7 mAb significantly impaired metastatic spread of D122 cells in C57BL/6 mice by direct anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic effects on tumor metastasis. 7A7 mAb capacity to inhibit EGFR activation on D122 cells could contribute to its anti-metastatic effect. In addition, 7A7 mAb was able to induce in vitro antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity on D122 cells. Interestingly, 7A7 mAb treatment increased the number of natural killer cells, T lymphocytes and dendritic cells infiltrating the metastatic sites. More strikingly, depletion of CD8(+) and CD4(+) T cells in vivo completely abrogated the 7A7 mAb anti-metastatic activity whereas function of natural killer cells was irrelevant. This study supports an in vivo role for T cell response in the mechanism of action of anti-EGFR mAbs, suggesting the induction of an adjuvant effect.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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