Send to

Choose Destination
Anticancer Drugs. 2007 Jun;18(5):525-34.

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma antagonists exhibit potent antiproliferative effects versus many hematopoietic and epithelial cancer cell lines.

Author information

Center for Molecular Medicine and Immunology, Belleville, New Jersey 07109, USA.


Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma ligands have preclinical and clinical anticancer activity. Most studies in this area address agonists, with relatively few reports on anticancer effects of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma antagonists. Thus, we evaluated the two pure peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma antagonists, T0070907 and GW9662, on a panel of hematopoietic and epithelial cell lines. The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma antagonists and a reference agonist (pioglitazone) were tested in an in-vitro proliferation assay on a panel of seven hematopoietic and nine epithelial cancer cell lines, some of which are chemoresistant. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma expression was measured by immunoblotting, as was the effect of treatment with these agents on peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma levels. The effect of exogenous interleukin-6, an antiapoptotic cytokine, on growth inhibition was evaluated as well as the apoptotic effects of these drugs. The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma antagonists showed significantly greater potency on all cell lines (IC50s of 3.2-29.7 versus 26.5-78.7 micromol/l for pioglitazone) and greater maximum growth inhibition. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma levels did not correlate with growth inhibition in this panel of cell lines. Combinations of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma antagonists and the agonist actually showed schedule-dependent increases in growth inhibition. Exogenous interleukin-6 did not induce resistance to these agents. Both the antagonists and the agonist induced apoptosis, but only the former drugs showed caspase dependence. These two peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma antagonists have significantly more potent in-vitro antiproliferative effects versus hematopoietic and epithelial cancer cell lines. This effect does not correlate with peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma levels, suggesting alternative mechanisms or other targets of action. These findings support further translational studies to explore the mechanism of action and therapeutic potential of this class of agents.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wolters Kluwer
Loading ...
Support Center