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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007 Apr 17;104(16):6812-7. Epub 2007 Apr 5.

Dynamin 2 is required for the enhancement of HIV-1 infectivity by Nef.

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Department of Cancer Immunology and AIDS, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA 02115, USA.


Nef is a virulence factor of HIV-1 and other primate lentiviruses that is crucial for rapid progression to AIDS. In cell culture, Nef increases the infectivity of HIV-1 progeny virions by an unknown mechanism. We now show that dynamin 2 (Dyn2), a key regulator of vesicular trafficking, is a binding partner of Nef that is required for its ability to increase viral infectivity. Dominant-negative Dyn2 or the depletion of Dyn2 by small interfering RNA potently inhibited the effect of Nef on HIV-1 infectivity. Furthermore, in Dyn2-depleted cells, this function of Nef could be rescued by ectopically expressed Dyn2 but not by Dyn1, a closely related isoform that does not bind Nef. The infectivity enhancement by Nef also depended on clathrin, because it was diminished in clathrin-depleted cells and profoundly inhibited in cells expressing the clathrin-binding domain of AP180, which blocks clathrin-coated pit formation but not clathrin-independent endocytosis. Together, these findings imply that the infectivity enhancement activity of Nef depends on Dyn2- and clathrin-mediated membrane invagination events.

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