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Kidney Int. 2007 Jul;72(1):114-20. Epub 2007 Apr 4.

The effect of sirolimus- or cyclosporine-based immunosuppression effects on T-cell subsets in vivo.

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1
Unit of Nephrology, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, and University of Pavia, Italy. carmelo.libetta@unipv.it

Abstract

While sirolimus (SRL) is thought to be a non-nephrotoxic agent, cyclosporine A (CsA) toxicity is a serious problem in kidney transplantation. We compared the effects of the two drugs on T-helper (Th) subsets in kidney transplant patients. We examined 24 first cadaver kidney recipients equally randomized to receive SRL/mycophenolate mofetil (MMF)/methylprednisolone (MP), or cyclosporine with either MMF or MP. The Th1 and Th2 subsets in peripheral blood were separated based on their production of interferon-gamma (INFgamma) or interleukin (IL)-4/IL-5. The lymphocytes were stimulated with phytohemoagglutinin or with allogenic CD3-depeted and irradiated antigen-presenting cells. Furthermore, the conversion potential of Th0 to Th1 was determined by measuring IL-12 and IL-18 levels after lipopolysaccharide challenge. When peripheral blood lymphocytes taken from SRL-treated patients were stimulated by phytohemoagglutinin, there were significantly lower INFgamma-producing cells compared with the lymphocytes taken from patients treated with CsA. The number of IL-4/IL-5-producing cells did not differ among the patient groups. Release of IL-12 but not IL-18 from peripheral lymphocytes following treatment with lipopolysaccharide was significantly lower in the SRL-treated patients. These results show that compared with CsA, SRL caused a significant decrease in the Th1 lymphocyte subset associated with a significant reduction of IL-12 release.

PMID:
17410097
DOI:
10.1038/sj.ki.5002255
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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