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J Thorac Oncol. 2006 Jun;1(5):413-6.

Epidermal growth factor receptor gene mutation and computed tomographic findings in peripheral pulmonary adenocarcinoma.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery II, Nagoya City University Medical School, Mizuho-cho, Mizuho-ku, Nagoya, Japan. motoki@med.nagoya-cu.ac.jp

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The presence of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations has been reported to predict the response to gefitinib in pulmonary adenocarcinoma patients. A retrospective analysis was conducted to identify the correlation between computed tomographic findings of the nodules and EGFR status.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Computed tomographic findings of 38 patients with peripheral pulmonary adenocarcinoma with EGFR mutations were reviewed and compared with those of 42 peripheral pulmonary adenocarcinoma patients with wild-type EGFR.

RESULTS:

Mutations were found significantly more frequently among women (28 of 45 women versus 10 of 35 men) and among non-smokers (31 of 47 non-smokers and 7 of 33 smokers). The L858R mutation was found in 18 cases. Several types of deletion mutants in exon 19 were found in 18 cases. The nodules with EGFR mutations (2.5 +/- 1.0 cm) were significantly smaller in diameter than those in the wild-type group (3.1 +/- 1.9 cm). Ground glass opacity (GGO) was more often observed in the mutation group (28 of 38) than in the wild-type group (24 of 42), but the difference was not statistically significant. When mutations were analyzed with reference to both the tumor size and GGO ratio, patients with a tumor < or =3 cm and a GGO ratio > or =50% often had EGFR mutations, and most (10 of 12) were expressed in female patients. No male adenocarcinoma patients with a tumor larger than 4.0 cm had EGFR mutations.

CONCLUSIONS:

EGFR mutations were found most frequently in small peripheral adenocarcinomas with a GGO ratio > or =50%, especially among women. These factors may be useful in deciding therapeutic strategies for adenocarcinomas when resection or biopsy is not feasible.

PMID:
17409892
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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