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J Thorac Oncol. 2006 Jan;1(1):93-104.

Vaccines for lung cancer.

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Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of Kentucky Chandler Medical Center, Lexington, Kentucky 40536-0289, USA.


Immunotherapy is based on the knowledge that the immune system can distinguish cancerous cells from normal cells. Conceptually, this is an attractive adjuvant approach because it is highly specific and can deal with disseminated disease with minimal impact on normal tissues. In this review, we focus on strategies that use host immune machinery to generate anti-tumor effects, known as active immunotherapy. Proof of principle in lung cancer is now well established in clinical trials, although no superior approach has been defined and therapeutic efficacy remains unknown. In this review, we discuss rationale, biological theory, application, and clinical implementation to date.

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