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J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2007 May;42(5):962-71. Epub 2007 Mar 7.

Stress and high heart rate provoke ventricular tachycardia in mice expressing triadin.

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Department of Cardiology and Angiology, Hospital of the University of Münster, Germany.


Reduced function of the cardiac ryanodine receptor or calsequestrin causes catecholaminergic ventricular tachycardia (VT). These proteins regulate sarcoplasmic Ca(2+) release in close conjunction with two accessory proteins, triadin and junctin. Based on data from cardiomyocytes, we hypothesized that enhanced triadin expression could cause VT. We assessed arrhythmias and electrophysiological changes in vivo and in the beating heart in mice expressing junctin, triadin, or both proteins (TRDxJCN), and measured calcium transients in isolated ventricular cardiomyocytes. TRDxJCN mice were studied to compensate the down-regulation of junctin expression in triadin-expressing mice. Exercise or stress provoked repetitive VT in freely roaming TRDxJCN mice whenever heart rate increased above approximately 600 bpm (p<0.05 vs. the three other genotypes). TRDxJCN mice expressed total triadin 2.9-fold (p<0.05) and total junctin not different to wildtype (p=ns). Left ventricular systolic function was not different between lineages. beta-adrenoreceptor stimulation (orciprenaline 1.7 microM) provoked early-coupled ventricular ectopy and repetitive VT in isolated, Langendorff-perfused TRDxJCN hearts (p<0.05). Under conditions associated with VT (high pacing rate, catecholamine stimulation), action potential duration was shorter in TRDxJCN with VT than in the other genotypes and shorter than in TRDxJCN hearts without VT (p<0.05). Ca(2+) transient duration was prolonged in Indo1-loaded TRDxJCN cardiomyocytes under VT-provoking conditions. Action potential prolongation by mexiletine (2 microM or 4 microM) or clarithromycine (150 microM) suppressed VT. Expression of triadin provokes stress- and tachycardia-related ventricular arrhythmias in mice. An imbalance between prolonged intracellular calcium release and shortening of the ventricular action potential may contribute to genesis of arrhythmias in this model.

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