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J Proteome Res. 2007 May;6(5):1652-65. Epub 2007 Apr 5.

Proteomics of neuroendocrine secretory vesicles reveal distinct functional systems for biosynthesis and exocytosis of peptide hormones and neurotransmitters.

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Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093, USA.


Regulated secretory vesicles produce, store, and secrete active peptide hormones and neurotransmitters that function in cell-cell communication. To gain knowledge of the protein systems involved in such secretory vesicle functions, we analyzed proteins in the soluble and membrane fractions of dense core secretory vesicles purified from neuroendocrine chromaffin cells. Soluble and membrane fractions of these vesicles were subjected to SDS-PAGE separation, and proteins from systematically sectioned gel lanes were identified by microcapillary LC-MS/MS (microLC-MS/MS) of tryptic peptides. The identified proteins revealed functional categories of prohormones, proteases, catecholamine neurotransmitter metabolism, protein folding, redox regulation, ATPases, calcium regulation, signaling components, exocytotic mechanisms, and related functions. Several novel secretory vesicle components involved in proteolysis were identified consisting of cathepsin B, cathepsin D, cystatin C, ubiquitin, and TIMP, as well carboxypeptidase E/H and proprotein convertases that are known to participate in prohormone processing. Significantly, the membrane fraction exclusively contained an extensive number of GTP nucleotide-binding proteins related to Rab, Rho, and Ras signaling molecules, together with SNARE-related proteins and annexins that are involved in trafficking and exocytosis of secretory vesicle components. Membranes also preferentially contained ATPases that regulate proton translocation. These results implicate membrane-specific functions for signaling and exocytosis that allow these secretory vesicles to produce, store, and secrete active peptide hormones and neurotransmitters released from adrenal medulla for the control of physiological functions in health and disease. In summary, this proteomic study illustrates secretory vesicle protein systems utilized for the production and secretion of regulatory factors that control neuroendocrine functions.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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