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Nat Protoc. 2006;1(5):2485-92.

One-pot three-enzyme chemoenzymatic approach to the synthesis of sialosides containing natural and non-natural functionalities.

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Department of Chemistry, University of California-Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, California 95616, USA.


Chemoenzymatic synthesis, which combines the flexibility of chemical synthesis and the high selectivity of enzymatic synthesis, is a powerful approach to obtain complex carbohydrates. It is a preferred method for synthesizing sialic acid-containing structures, including those with diverse naturally occurring and non-natural sialic acid forms, different sialyl linkages and different glycans that link to the sialic acid. Starting from N-acetylmannosamine, mannose or their chemically or enzymatically modified derivatives, sialic acid aldolase-catalyzed condensation reaction leads to the formation of sialic acids and their derivatives. These compounds are subsequently activated by a CMP-sialic acid synthetase and transferred to a wide range of suitable acceptors by a suitable sialyltransferase for the formation of sialosides containing natural and non-natural functionalities. The three-enzyme coupled synthesis of sialosides can be carried out in one pot without the isolation of intermediates. The time for synthesis is 4-18 h. Purification and characterization of the product can be completed within 2-3 d.

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