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J Leukoc Biol. 1992 Jan;51(1):69-76.

Differential immunocompetence of macrophages derived using macrophage or granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor.

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Department of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign.


Macrophages derived in vitro from bone marrow progenitors (bone marrow-derived macrophages, BMDMs) using either macrophage colony-stimulating factor (CSF-1) or granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) as the myelopoietic stimulus display differential functional, morphological, and mRNA phenotypes. The data presented here demonstrate further that CSF-1- and GM-CSF-derived BMDMs differ in immunologic capacity. GM-CSF-derived BMDMs, when compared to CSF-1-derived BMDMs, showed greater cytolytic activity against tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha)-resistant, but not TNF-alpha-sensitive, tumor targets. In contrast, CSF-1-derived BMDMs produced nitrite in response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) alone, whereas GM-CSF-derived BMDMs required interferon gamma plus LPS treatment. The two BMDM populations also showed differential sensitivities to LPS for secretion of TNF-alpha and nitrite, but the maximal inducible amounts of these factors and prostaglandin E2 were similar between the BMDM populations. Lastly, GM-CSF-derived but not CSF-1-derived BMDMs showed an L-arginine-dependent listeriacidal activity. These results show that the functional heterogeneity of CSF-1- and GM-CSF-derived macrophages is limited and appears to result largely from differences in the activational signals required by each BMDM population to elicit a given function.

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