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J Immunol. 2007 Apr 15;178(8):4984-92.

Quantitative network signal combinations downstream of TCR activation can predict IL-2 production response.

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Biological Engineering Division, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, USA.


Proximal signaling events activated by TCR-peptide/MHC (TCR-pMHC) binding have been the focus of intense ongoing study, but understanding how the consequent downstream signaling networks integrate to govern ultimate avidity-appropriate TCR-pMHC T cell responses remains a crucial next challenge. We hypothesized that a quantitative combination of key downstream network signals across multiple pathways must encode the information generated by TCR activation, providing the basis for a quantitative model capable of interpreting and predicting T cell functional responses. To this end, we measured 11 protein nodes across six downstream pathways, along five time points from 10 min to 4 h, in a 1B6 T cell hybridoma stimulated by a set of three myelin proteolipid protein 139-151 altered peptide ligands. A multivariate regression model generated from this data compendium successfully comprehends the various IL-2 production responses and moreover successfully predicts a priori the response to an additional peptide treatment, demonstrating that TCR binding information is quantitatively encoded in the downstream network. Individual node and/or time point measurements less effectively accounted for the IL-2 responses, indicating that signals must be integrated dynamically across multiple pathways to adequately represent the encoded TCR signaling information. Of further importance, the model also successfully predicted a priori direct experimental tests of the effects of individual and combined inhibitors of the MEK/ERK and PI3K/Akt pathways on this T cell response. Together, our findings show how multipathway network signals downstream of TCR activation quantitatively integrate to translate pMHC stimuli into functional cell responses.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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