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Clin Microbiol Infect. 2007 Jun;13(6):620-6. Epub 2007 Apr 2.

Association of specific mutations in katG, rpoB, rpsL and rrs genes with spoligotypes of multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates in Russia.

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1
State Research Center for Applied Microbiology, Obolensk, Moscow Region, Russia.

Abstract

Most multidrug-resistant (MDR) Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates in Russia belong to the Beijing or Latino-American and Mediterranean (LAM) spoligotype families. The objective of this study was to investigate possible associations between genotype and the frequencies of mutations that confer drug resistance in a population that has two large families of circulating strains. Spoligotyping, IS6110 restriction fragment length polymorphism typing, and sequencing of the katG and rpoB genes, were performed for 217 consecutive MDR M. tuberculosis isolates from patients. The rpsL and rrs genes were also sequenced for selected streptomycin-resistant isolates. Of the 217 MDR isolates, 99 (46%) belonged to the LAM family, 92 (42%) to the Beijing family, 21 (10%) to the Haarlem family and four (2%) to the T family. There was one unique spoligotype. Mutations in the katG gene were identified in 207 (95%) isolates, all of which had mutations in codon 315. Mutations in the rpoB gene were identified in 200 (92%) isolates; 75% of LAM isolates carried a mutation in codon 516, whereas 71% of Beijing isolates carried a mutation in codon 531. In the 33 isolates resistant to streptomycin 50 mg/L, the 43AGG rpsL mutation was found in 27% of Haarlem, 75% of Beijing and 0% of LAM isolates, and rrs mutations were found in 17% (516C-->T) of Beijing and 100% (513A-->C) of LAM isolates. Overall, there appeared to be a correlation between the genotype and specific mutations conferring resistance to rifampicin or streptomycin in the Beijing and LAM families. The biological implications of this correlation remain to be explored.

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