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Diabet Med. 2007 Jul;24(7):770-7. Epub 2007 Apr 2.

Development of an educational 'toolkit' for health professionals and their patients with prediabetes: the WAKEUP study (Ways of Addressing Knowledge Education and Understanding in Pre-diabetes).

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Primary Care, Peninsula Medical School, Exeter, UK.



To identify key messages about pre-diabetes and to design, develop and pilot an educational toolkit to address the information needs of patients and health professionals.


Mixed qualitative methodology within an action research framework. Focus group interviews with patients and health professionals and discussion with an expert reference group aimed to identify the important messages and produce a draft toolkit. Two action research cycles were then conducted in two general practices, during which the draft toolkit was used and video-taped consultations and follow-up patient interviews provided further data. Framework analysis techniques were used to examine the data and to elicit action points for improving the toolkit.


The key messages about pre-diabetes concerned the seriousness of the condition, the preventability of progression to diabetes, and the need for lifestyle change. As well as feedback on the acceptability and use of the toolkit, four main themes were identified in the data: knowledge and education needs (of both patients and health professionals); communicating knowledge and motivating change; redesign of practice systems to support pre-diabetes management and the role of the health professional. The toolkit we developed was found to be an acceptable and useful resource for both patients and health practitioners.


Three key messages about pre-diabetes were identified. A toolkit of information materials for patients with pre-diabetes and the health professionals and ideas for improving practice systems for managing pre-diabetes were developed and successfully piloted. Further work is needed to establish the best mode of delivery of the WAKEUP toolkit.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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